During the detox, some people need to be given medications to counter or reduce the intensity of the withdrawal symptoms they experience which could cause them to go back to using drugs again. Medicine can make it painless for recovering addicts to keep in sobriety. Many recovering addicts are unable to bear the severity of withdrawal symptoms and this makes many of them relapse. In many inpatient and outpatient treatment centres, medications are part of the addiction treatment program. The monitoring physician keeps altering the amount the patient takes for maximum benefit.
Some medicines can imitate the symptoms of habit-forming drugs, which alleviates withdrawal effects and cravings.
Detoxification And Withdrawal From Drugs
The body has to get rid of the last remnants of the drug in the first stage of recovery. This process is referred to as detoxification. Based on the drug, the detoxification process can last from several days to several weeks.
The detox period is made difficult by the withdrawal symptoms that result from denying the body the drug it has become accustomed to. The intensity of withdrawal symptoms differs according to the history of drug abuse. The ones that were using opiates in high dosages for a long-term have the worst side effects.
There is a myriad of those symptoms that recovering addicts experience. Some of these are:
Sickness or feeling sick
Different medicines are prescribed to help various withdrawal side effects. The medicines which are given by doctors in detox are:
Anxiety and crabbiness can be decrease by these medicines.
Anxiety is a prevalent withdrawal side effect from a lot of Opiates, such as Cocaine and Heroin.
Alcohol withdrawal symptoms can also be eased by the sedative effect of Benzodiazepines.
This drug is also addictive so is prescribed with caution.
An addict's brain is usually accustomed to producing dopamine only in the presence of a drug.
When they stop taking the drugs, these people go through dejection and feelings of hopelessness.
Until the brain can produce happiness inducing chemicals the patient is given antidepressants during the rehab program.
Clonidine is prescribed to treat alcohol and drug withdrawals and it decreases sweating, muscle spasm, anxiety and muscle pains.
Seizures and tremors can also be treated using Clonidine.
People who are detoxing from alcohol or Benzodiazepines for instance Valium or Xanax must never leave "cold turkey" in middle as their withdrawal sign can be fatal. Complications can arise while detoxing from other drugs although the withdrawal symptoms are rarely deadly. Detoxifying under medical supervision makes sure things are done right and raises the chances of beating the addiction.
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Regular abusers of alcohol can suffer prolonged withdrawal symptoms that can last for weeks or even months. These symptoms that last a long time are also known as Post-Acute Withdrawal Syndrome (PAWS).
Medications prescribed for PAWS are also active in stopping the urge to use and make the user unable to hold alcohol in their stomach. Patient take these tablets every day.
For liquor addiction these medicines are included:
Naltrexone has the ability to impasse receptors that generates the feeling of content with alcohol in the brain.
The urge to drink can be reduced.
Nausea or headaches can be caused by Naltrexone.
It is also available as a single dose given once a month in the form of an injection.
This medicine alleviates emotional and physical pain resulted by alcohol addiction.
Once completing the detox, recovery from alcohol can use Acamprosate.
Acamprosate works by eliminating the worse feelings of nervousness and hopelessness that results in lessening the desire to drink.
This was the first approved medication for alcohol abuse.
It works by causing the person taking it to suffer nausea and vomiting if they consume alcohol.
This medication has been very successful as it deters alcoholics from drinking.
You can find out more about medication used in treating alcohol addiction.
Medications For Opiate And Heroin Addiction
Morphine, Heroin and narcotic painkillers such as OxyContin are all opiates. Opiate and Heroin medicines comfort urges and withdrawal side effects. Opiate and Heroin are available in tablet forms.
There withdrawal times are less than a week. Other drugs can have an extended withdrawal side effects. In a few cases, withdrawal symptoms may last for several months or even years. To completely stop the urges to take drugs and the PAWS, it helps to be on replacement medicines for an extended period. A recovering addict should take these medicines until they are completely free.
Medicines used to treat Heroin and pain relief addictions include:
Methadone is a drug used for mild to serious addictions.
Methadone doesn't cause intoxication but it binds onto the same brain receptors as opiates and prevents further use of drugs to get the high feeling.
The urges to take drugs are contained, and withdrawal symptoms avoided.
Because Methadone also has the capacity to cause addiction, it is usually prescribed cautiously.
It also prevents abuse so it is dispensed daily by clinics..
More About Methadone.
Buprenorphine works in the same way as Methadone but has a less potential to cause addiction and isn't regulated as much.
Buprenorphine users may frequently take the drug home with them in place of heading to a centre each day to get it.
Naltrexone works the same method for opiate addiction as it does for alcohol addiction.
This drug helps to control the urge or craving.
Since alcohol and opiates stimulate some of the same receptors in the brain, naltrexone can work for both addictions.
Medical Detox And Rehabilitation
A few people detox all alone. Compared to medical detoxification, this has not only proven harder but also dangerous. The best way to successfully recover is to undergo medical detoxification which is done in a safe environment. Medical detoxification is necessary for people dependent on alcohol or Benzodiazepines.
A monitored detox is the primary stage to treat any kind of addiction.
Health problems can be improve through supervised detox. Doctors and other medical staff are available to monitor the patient's vital signs. Medical staff are on hand to make the patient as comfortable as possible. Depending on what the patient needs, the doses for their medication can be changed accordingly and plans can also be made for long term treatment.
Patients with other health complications would be well advised to go on a medical detox. Blood pressure can be problematic during detox. Any complications can either be prevented or sorted out quickly during a medical detox.
In residential rehabilitation, detoxification is always part of the program. In some circumstances, inpatient rehabilitation takes from 30 to 90 days. The primary week is of carefully monitored detoxification. Rehab includes behavioural therapy to give the patient a better chance to understand how they can stay sober.
Look for a rehab centre offering medically supervised detox for your friend, relative or yourself call 0800 772 3971.